The Asian Journal of Social Science Research is a double-blind, peer-reviewed and open-access journal, which is published twice a year by Centre for Research and Consultancy (CRC) of UNITAR International University. The journal aims at providing a forum for academicians to publish their research output and to promote interdisciplinary studies in social science. The journal welcomes original research articles, review papers, conceptual framework, empirical research and new theories in the fields of education, early childhood studies, business, communications, finance, management, accounting, sociology, hospitality, tourism, human resources, psychology and information technology.
AJSSR and its board of editors assume no responsibility for statements and opinions advanced by the authors of its articles.
Volume 2, issue 1 2019
published date: 5 august 2019
Ikmal Abd Malik, Siti Nor Bayaah Ahmad, Mohd Tajuzzaman Badrul Hisham, Zulkhairy Mohamad
knowledge, skill, motivation, job performance, navy, RMN
The objectives of the study are to investigate the influence of knowledge, communication skill and motivation toward job performance among the Young Executive Officer in Royal Malaysian Navy (RMN). The issues about safety of the ship at sea has become main concern in RMN. A lot of incident involving collision between Naval ship all around the world with merchant ship has cause the RMN to be more cautious and stringent in handling and navigating the ship especially when operating in busiest straits like Singapore Strait. Thus, the performance of each officer must be determined to ensure their capability in handling and navigate the ship. The study covers the factors that affected performance of young officers on board warship which related to the training program undergo by Young Executive Officers before served on board ship. The study used the Campbell Theory and the respondents consists of 127 Young Executive Officers from naval base in Perak, Malaysia. The online questionnaires were used in this study and analyzed by using Statistical Packages for Social Science (SPSS). Research findings show that there is a significant influence between specialization knowledge and motivation toward job performance among Young Executive Officer. However, knowledge in information processing, specialization knowledge and communication skill have no significant influence toward job performance. Based on the result, there are several recommendations such as establishing pre-joining program and design specific program for confident level to enhance the performance of young executive officer.
Nor Effa Dalilati Zulkafli, Khairun Nisa Mohd Arshad, Rozeta Che Omar, Sundari Subasini A/P Nesamany
Bumiputera accounting students, professional examination difficulties, an intention to become professional accountants
The purpose of this paper is to investigate the relationship between professional examination difficulty and intention to become professional accountants among Bumiputra Accounting students in public universities in Malaysia. Quantitative survey method using a structured questionnaire was used to collect data, and the final-year Bumiputra accounting students at public universities and those who are undergoing the industrial training were selected as samples for the study. A total of 1,434 questionnaires was distributed and 388 were returned, giving a response rate of 27 percent. The findings revealed that there is no significant relationship between professional examination difficulty and intention to become professional accountants among the Bumiputra students in public Malaysia universities. The study concluded with a discussion of the theoretical and managerial implications as well as suggestions for future research.
Zainora Hayat Hudi, Omar Musa, S. Nadzeer Salehuddin, Zulkipli Che Ani, M. Azrul M Ali
Safety Management Systems, Organizational Identity, Organizational Behavior, Situational Awareness, Safety Culture
This research deals with an analysis of Safety Management System performance (SMSP) in a military aviation organization which is the Royal Malaysian Air Force (RMAF). Specifically, the scope of analysis addresses the factors of Organizational Identity (OI), Organizational Behavior (OB) and Situational Awareness (SA) and how these affects the SMS Performance. The interest is to investigate whether Safety Culture (SC) plays a significant mediating role that affects the SMSP. The study population consisted of pilots and engineers from different air bases throughout the country. The results indicate that OI, SA and SC showed significant impact on the RMAF’s SMSP. However, Safety Culture was found to have a significant mediating effect only for Organizational Identity and Situational Awareness.
Ying-Leh Ling, Gary Law Hieng Soon
feedback, intrinsic motivation, construction industry
Most of the leaders see the importance of motivation in the workplace, but when it comes to providing the feedback that fuel it, they often fall short. This study intended to determine the significant relationship between feedback environment and intrinsic motivation in the Malaysia construction industry. Specifically, the objective of the study was to identify the significant influence of feedback environment towards intrinsic motivation within the construction industry. The study targeted on 50 employees from the construction industry in Kuching using random sampling technique. Data was collected using the questionnaire method. Pearson’s correlation and linear regression analysis techniques were used to analyze the data collected. The results showed that there was a strong significant and positive relationship between feedback source credibility, feedback quality, feedback delivery, constructive feedback, and feedback seeking with intrinsic motivation dimension. The study further identified that the significant influence between feedback environment towards intrinsic motivation within the organization and the results have proven that several of feedback environment dimensions has a significant influence towards the intrinsic motivation such as feedback quality, feedback delivery and constructive feedback. Thus, the study concluded that there is a significant relationship between feedback environment and intrinsic motivation and on the other the hand feedback environment has significant influence towards intrinsic motivation.
Nafiseh Zarei, Ashwin Shankar, Abdullah Mohd Noor
oral presentation, English language learning, presentation skill, communication skill, self- confidence
Success in oral pesentation skills contributes to students’ success in academic performance as well as their social life. It is important for teachers to know their students’ needs and social background in order to encourage them to share information relevant to their interests with their peers to improve their oral presentation skills. This study investigates the factors that affect oral presentation among undergraduates. This quantitative study used Likert scale questionnaire to collect data from 100 undergraduates at a private university in Malaysia (UNITAR International University). The data were analysed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) in the form of mean, standard deviation, and variance. The findings of the study showed four primary factors: confidence, nervousness, communication, and presentation skill that effect oral presentation among the undergraduate students. The results of the study demonstrated that the students were very nervous during presentations and they faced lack of self-confidence to speak during the oral presentations. The findings also showed that lack of necessary skills such as communication and presentation skills affected the students’ oral presentations in a negative way.