The Asian Journal of Social Science Research is a double-blind, peer-reviewed and open-access journal, which is published twice a year by Centre for Research and Consultancy (CRC) of UNITAR International University. The journal aims at providing a forum for academicians to publish their research output and to promote interdisciplinary studies in social science. The journal welcomes original research articles, review papers, conceptual framework, empirical research and new theories in the fields of education, early childhood studies, business, communications, finance, management, accounting, sociology, hospitality, tourism, human resources, psychology and information technology.
AJSSR and its board of editors assume no responsibility for statements and opinions advanced by the authors of its articles.
Volume 2, issue 2 2019
published date: 8 January 2020
human trafficking, migration, business enterprise, organized crime
The crime of human trafficking is a complex phenomenon that is often affected by a wide range of social, economic, political, and cultural aspects. To fully understand the crime of human trafficking, one must analyze the crime from multiple domains or perspectives. However, the human trafficking literature generally focused on aspects such as causal factors, victimization, and policy response, while other aspects like migration, the market system or the perpetrators that involved in the crime are given little attention. Therefore, this paper is an attempt to review the existing literature on human trafficking which includes a discussion on the connection between human trafficking and migration, human trafficking as a business enterprise, human trafficking and organized crime, as well as human trafficking from other contexts such as human rights, feminism, and security. The literature review comprised extensive information collected from 134 books, articles, academic papers, and policy documents with most of them are from the year 2010 and above. The review found a great deal of work on human trafficking that focused on deliberating the crime as an effect of irregular migration of people from the source countries to the destination countries. Besides, the review also indicate that the crime of human trafficking is nurtured by three important factors, namely the supply of potential victims for exploitation in the source countries, the constant demand for trafficked victims in the destination countries, and the presence of organized crime groups who act as intermediaries in supplying the victims to the end-users. Overall, it shows that the crime of human trafficking is business-oriented and profit-driven activity.
Rizal Ula Ananta Fauzi
Customer Satisfaction Food Quality, Free Wireless Fidelity, Servicescape
Culinary tourism is still one of the people's choices in Indonesia. Many culinary businesses field requires competitive strategies to get an edge. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of Free Wireless Fidelity (Wifi) services, Food Quality and ServiceScape toward Customer Satisfaction. This research was conducted in 4 cafes in Madiun with a sample of 125 respondents. We use multiple regression statistical analyses were performed in this study. The research indicates that the Free Wireless Fidelity (Wi-Fi) Service and Servicescape have a positive influence on Customer Satisfaction. While food quality has no effect on customer satisfaction in Madiun Cafe. Consumers prefer the service and atmosphere provided rather than the type of food offered by the café. so that it can be considered by businesses to determine marketing strategies to satisfy consumers.
Rosmeli Rosmeli, Nurhayani Nurhayani, Sari Novita
Tourism, Strategy, Potency, Models and Strategies
Tourism potency and attractiveness in Merangin Regency are very diverse and spread in several districts which become tourist attractions both domestic and foreign tourists. The tourism sector in Merangin district is managed by local government, making tourism development less than optimal, it is seen with additional facilities such as home stays (hotels / inns), the mainstay products of tourist areas produced by public and access to public vehicles that can go to tourist sites. In the development of tourism, not only the government does the other parties themselves, it also contributes to infrastructure development. In developing tourism potency based on regional potential in Merangin district there are 11 alternative strategies, namely: Focusing road infrastructure to destination area, cooperation with the private sector in developing regional tourism, increasing tourism promotion in collaboration with tourism bureau in the form of Merangin tour packages, tourism promotion which is more intense, provides faster and cheaper licensing and legality for tourism bureau in Merangin Regency, repairs existing facilities and infrastructure, development of other natural tourism objects, fosters tourism-aware community development, guidance and development of Small Medium Enterprises (SMEs) by region-specific, increasing Tourism Human Resources both from the government and from the private sector and the government in cooperation with SMEs increases the promotion of local specialties. The tourism sector development model in Merangin Regency is the cooperation amongst of all existing components ranging from local government, the private sector, and the community in Merangin district itself.
Wan Ab Aziz Wan Daud, Mohammad Taufiq Abdul Ghani
Factors, Blended Learning, Arabic Language, Language Learning, e-Learning
E-learning constitutes of learning, training and education programme that involves the use electronic devices. E-learning can be divided into two concepts and operations. Conceptually, e-learning emphasizes learning process that involves the collaborative and constructive interactions using various electronic tools in online learning. In recent years, e-learning has been gradually being introduced to the conventional classroom. This development leads to the introduction of blended learning, which combines face to face and online learning. This study focuses on identifying which of the four major factors, characteristics of lecturers, system quality, technical support and information quality, affect students’ interest in blended learning and found. A set of questionnaires was administered to 120 Arabic learners of University Malaysia Kelantan (UMK) and the data obtained were analysed using descriptive quantitative analysis employed through the IBM SPSS 24 statistical software. The findings also show that characteristics of lecturers, the quality of information, technical support and the quality of the system positively affect students’ behaviour in using e-learning.
Nor Asiah Mahmood, Farah Damia Nasir, Noor Raihan Abd Hamid, Rudzi Munap
Job satisfaction, employee’s performance, flexible working arrangements
Job satisfaction (JS) is very crucial towards employee’s performance (EP). Past studies have answered that employee performance is highly affected by flexible working arrangements (FWAs) and job satisfaction. Flexible working arrangements (FWAs) at the workplace has become everyone’s wishes to work at home without having to go through the hassle on the road such as heavy traffic, toll, parking and petrol. This FWAs also will intensification the employee’s performance to the utmost. Thus, job satisfaction will increase employee morale and loyalty, increases self-belonging towards an organization and longer-term employee performance. Hence, at the same time, FWAs had positively impacted the employee’s level of job satisfaction. The respondents of the study are among the employees of several private universities in Klang Valley. Returned respondents were only 188. Descriptive statistics were utilised to describe the demographic profile of respondents and hierarchical Multi Linear Regression analysis has been used for estimating the relationship among the variables. Therefore, given the employees the FWAs will improve employees performance, that is significant to self-confident and indirectly impacted their quality of work, job satisfaction, and loyal to the organization. Hence, this paper is particularly interested in the investigation on the relationship between job satisfaction, flexible working arrangement and employee performance of several private universities in Klang Valley. The results of the study indicate that job satisfaction has a significant influence towards FWAs with B=.470, t=-13.150 and JS B=.470, t=5.672, and FWAs B=1.077, t=8.807 both have a significant influence on EP respectively.